Many children and adults have speech or language disorders such as stuttering, inability to articulate certain words, and auditory processing problems. The communication disorders Language Disorder, Speech Sound Disorder, Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering), Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder, and Unspecified Communication Disorder involve problems related to speech, language, and auditory processing. These disorders may range from simple sound repetitions such as stuttering to issues with articulation of words to complete inability to use speech and language for communications (aphasia).
Some causes of communication disorders include hearing loss, neurological disorders, brain injury, intellectual disability, drug abuse, physical impairments such as cleft lip or palate, emotional or psychiatric disorders, and developmental disorders. Oftentimes the cause is unknown without specific testing to pinpoint areas of concern. It is estimated that 1 in every 10 Americans, across all demographics, have experienced or lived with some type of communication disorder (including speech, language, and hearing disorders). Nearly 6 million children under the age of 18 have a speech or language disorder.1 Communication disorder treatment typically involves some kind of speech therapy, behavior therapy, and/or environmental modification.